When you start a business or write a book/song or invest something new, there are three bodies of law that protects each type of work. Check out our recent TikTok that shows you the differences:
How to protect your brand and when to use trademarks, copyright or patent. Posted at ILoveMakingMoney with shortcuts to the forms to use. ##business♬ original sound – thebusinesskid
When Do You Use a Trademark?A valid trademark can be bought, sold, licensed and used as a security interest for acquiring a business loan. Click To Tweet
The company name Nike using the Swoosh logo with the slogan, “Just Do It” would trademark all three. The main benefit of registering a trademark is exclusivity. That means you will be the only one in the entire country able to sell products and services with that name, or you can earn money by licensing it out.
If you have a business, a band or a brand, then you’ll want to trademark your commercial name, your slogans and logos. These would fall under a trademark. Trademarks fall under the umbrella of the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
How Do You Search and Register a Trademark
Did you know that Pepsi first registered their trademark in 1896. Trademarks are an asset that live as long as your business, and the only requirement is to file the occasional renewal form.
Step 1: You can search the trademark database here.
You’ll want to make sure that there are no trademarks that are live, that are similar to your trademark and are used on related products or related services.
What to expect
Searching for conflicting marks before you apply is called a “clearance search.”
Include other sources in your clearance search
Searching is only one part of a thorough clearance search. There may be trademarks that are not in our database that have rights over yours. Check other sources, such as state trademark databases and the internet.
Registration is not guaranteed
We will carefully examine your application to see if your prospective trademark meets the requirements for federal registration. Although this includes doing our own database search, there are many considerations. We may find a conflicting mark or another legal issue that bars your registration.
Step 2: Apply for your trademark here.
When Do You Use a Copyright?
If you write a book or a song or even create software code or a specialized test, then these would fall under a copyright. Copyrights are granted by the U.S. Copyright Office.
Copyright protection is protected in the constitution. In Article I Section 8 of the Constitution, the “Copyright Clause,” the founding fathers recognized a group of rights protecting authors and their many forms of original expression.
Did you know that your works are automatically protected by U.S. copyright laws? As of January 1, 1978, under U.S. copyright law, a work is automatically protected by copyright when it is created.
Download the copyright protection e-book here.
In order to warrant copyright protection, your work must be an original & the holder has exclusive rights to print & distribute the work. That also means that the work must be “fixed in a tangible medium of expression” like a book, a chart, print, sculpture, film, map or sound recording.
Copyrights last for the life of the author plus 70 years.
Should You Register a Copyright?
Since the copyright protection is automatic from the moment a work is created, registration is not required. However, here are some reasons why you would register your work.
- File a Lawsuit – you must register your copyright before you can sue someone for infringing on your copyright.
- Evidence of Validity – creates the evidence that your copyright is valid and filing within 5 years of publishing your work will help you in the event you need to bring a copyright infringement lawsuit.
- Statutory Damages & Attorney’s Fees – to be eligible for damages, the work must be registered before infringement commences.
You can register a copyright here.
When Do You Use a Patent?
Under U.S. patent law, you must file your patent application within one year of the first offer to sell your invention, or within one year of your first public use or disclosure of your invention. This means you must determine the first offer to sell date or the first public disclosure date.
The primary benefit of a patent is your right to stop competitors from selling the same product. You can become the sole supplier of the product. Based on the law of supply and demand, lowering the supply allows you to sell your product at a higher price. If sales are strong, then the patent is absolutely worth it.
One reason why patent law is so robust is its broad categories of inventions. In order to patent your invention, it must be one of the following:
- Process: A process is a series of steps to bring about a useful result. Process patents often describe ways of making things, like an assembly line. Processes also describe complex systems like telecommunication platforms or computers with integrated software.
- Machine: A machine is made of parts. Your lawnmower, your smartphone, or even your toothbrush—all of them are patentable inventions.
- Manufacture: A manufacture is a new material made by the combination of one or more other materials. Think concrete or drywall—if you change the recipe and create a new kind of manufactured material, then you have a patentable invention.
- Composition of Matter: Where a manufacture combines existing materials, a composition of matter is a new kind of material. Think a new kind of drug with a unique chemical structure or a new kind of plastic. Compositions of matter often require advanced understanding of chemistry or materials science and a lot of hours in the laboratory to create.
Inventions that fall outside these categories—whether recipes, scientific discoveries, or abstract mathematics—are not patentable.
Source: Joe Runge, Esq.
Types of Patents
There are three types of patents:
1) Utility patents may be granted to anyone who invents or discovers any new and useful process, machine, article of manufacture, or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof;
2) Design patents may be granted to anyone who invents a new, original, and ornamental design for an article of manufacture; and
3) Plant patents may be granted to anyone who invents or discovers and asexually reproduces any distinct and new variety of plant. Source: USPTO
Quick Shortcuts to Patents
Searching Full Text Patents (Since 1976)
Customize a search on all or a selected group of elements (fields) of a patent.
Searching PDF Image Patents (Since 1790)
Searches are limited to patent numbers and/or classification codes for pre-1976 patents.
USPTO Patent Application Full-Text and Image Database (AppFT)
Search for Full-Text and Image versions of patent applications. Customize searches on all fields of a patent application in the AppFT for Full-Text searches.